they were united.
By 1911, income taxes also existed in Austria, Spain, Belgium,Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Holland, Greece,Luxembourg, Finland, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and India.
As for the United States, the enormous size of whoseincome-tax collections 深圳桑拿深圳站街 and the apparent docility of whosetaxpayers are now the envy of governments everywhere, it wasa laggard in the matter of instituting an income tax and foryears was an inveterate backslider in the matter of keeping oneon its statute books. It is true that in Colonial times there werevarious revenue systems bearing some slight resemblance toincome taxes—in Rhode Island at one point, for example, eachcitizen was supposed to guess the financial status of ten of hisneighbors, in regard to both income and property, in 深圳宝安桑拿休闲会所 order toprovide a basis for tax assessments—but such schemes, beinginefficient and subject to obvious opportunities for abuse, wereshort-lived. The first man to propose a federal income tax wasPresident Madison’s Secretary of the Treasury, Alexander J.
Dallas; he did so in 1814, but a few months later the War of1812 ended, 深圳按摩香儿子 the demand for government revenue eased, andthe Secretary was hooted down so decisively that the subjectwas not revived until the time of the Civil War, when both theunion and the Confederacy enacted income-tax bills. Before1900, very few new income taxes appear to have been enactedanywhere without the stimulus of a war. National income taxeswere—and until quite recently largely remained—war anddefense measures. In June of 1862, prodded by public concernover a public debt that was increasing at the rate of 深圳按摩上门服务twomillion dollars a day, Congress reluctantly passed a lawproviding for an income tax at progressive rates up to amaximum of 10 per cent, and on July 1st President Lincolnsigned it into law, along with a bill to punish the practice ofpolygamy. (The next day, stocks on the New York Exchangetook a dive, which was probably not attributable to thepolygamy bill.)“I am taxed on my income! This is perfectly gorgeous! Inever felt so important in my life before,”
Mark Twain wrote inthe Virginia City, Nevada, Territorial Enterprise after he hadpaid his first income-tax bill, for the year 1864—$36.82,including a penalty of $3.12 for being late. Although few othertaxpayers were so enthusiastic, the law remained in force until1872. It was, however, subjected to a succession of ratereductions and amendments, one of them being the elimination,in 186深圳按摩打飞机女郎 5, of its progressive rates, on the arresting ground thatcollecting 10 per cent on high incomes and lower rates onlower incomes constituted undue discrimination against wealth.
Annual revenue collections mounted from two million dollars in1863 to seventy-three million in 1866, and then descendedsharply. For two decades, beginning in the earlyeighteen-seventies, the very thought of an income tax did notenter the American mind, apart from
rare occasions whensome Populist or Socialist agitator would propose theestablishment of such a tax designed specifically to soak theurban rich. Then, in 1893, when it had become clear that thecountry was relying on an obsolete revenue system that puttoo little burden on businessmen and members of theprofessions, President Cleveland proposed an income tax. Theoutcry that followed was shrill. Senator 深圳桑拿按摩一条龙 John Sherman, of Ohio,the father of the Sherman Antitrust Act, called the proposal“socialism, communism, and devilism,” and another senatorspoke darkly of “the professors with their books, the socialistswith their schemes … [and] the anarchists with their bombs,”
while over in the House a congressman from Pennsylvania laidhis cards on the table in the following terms:
An income tax! A tax so odious that no administration ever
dared toimpose it except in time of war.… It is unutterably distasteful both in itsmoral and 深圳桑拿一條龍 material aspects. It does not belong to a free coun